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Geography & Topography

Capital: Accra

Area: 238,535 km2

Population: 24 965 816

Language: English, Akan, Dagombe, Ewe

Religion: Christianity, Islam, Traditional

Currency: Ghana Cedi


Ghana is a country located in West Africa, bordered by Côte d’Ivoire (Ivory Coast) to the west, Burkina Faso to the north, Togo to the east, and the Gulf of Guinea to the south. The population of Ghana is almost 25 million and the capital city is Accra. Ghana is an ethnically diverse country and Ghanaian culture represents ethnic groups such as the Ashanti, Fante, Akyem, Kwahu, Ga, Ewe, Mamprusi and Dagomba. Ghana’s ethnic diversity is most evident in Ghanaian cuisine, the arts and clothing.


Performing Arts

The music of Ghana is diverse, as sound varies from ethnic group and region, incorporating several distinct types of musical instruments. The most well-known music genre is Afro-jazz and was created by Kofi Ghanaba. Ghanaian dance is as diverse as its music. Each ethnic group has their own traditional dances and there are different dances for different occasions including funerals, celebrations, storytelling, praise and worship.

Football is the most popular sport in the country. The national men’s football team is known as the Black Stars and they have participated in many championships including the African Cup of Nations and the FIFA World Cup.


Instruments in traditional Ghanaian music include:

Djembe:A djembe is a skin-covered drum meant to be played with bare hands. According to the Bamana people in Mali, the name of the djembe comes directly from the saying “Anke djé, anke bé” which translates to “everyone gather together in peace” and defines the drum’s purpose.


A man playing the Djembe

Thumb piano:Thumb pianos traditionally consist of a wooden board to which metal tines of varying lengths are affixed. Some have mechanisms for readily tuning the tines to different scales. The longest tines are typically in the centre, with shorter (and thus higher-pitched) tines arranged alternately in ascending order towards both sides of the instrument. The thumb piano is most commonly held in both hands, with both thumbs being used to pluck tines either simultaneously or in turn.


Thumb Piano, most commonly held by both hands with both thumbs being used to pluck the tines either simultaneously or in turn








Some interesting facts:

  • The word Ghana means Warrior King.
  • Over 200 languages are spoken in Ghana.
  • Ghana only has two main seasons – the wet and dry seasons.


Ghanaian community in Australia:

More information about the Ghanaian community: